Category Archives: Wisdom

Act, Don’t React!

“I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me” (Philippians 4:13).

How we respond when we have been hurt or wronged is an eloquent indication of the depth of our walk with God.

As Christians we are called to a higher standard than the world. That standard highlights our inability to live the Christian life in our own strength. We can’t pull ourselves up by our own bootstraps. We are totally inadequate for the task.

The following passages of Scripture reveal the standard to which we are held accountable as Christians:

• Luke 6:27-29 – But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also.
• Romans 12:21 – Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
• 1 Peter 3:9 – Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.

Two wrongs do not make a right. The writer of Proverbs says, “A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger” (Proverbs 15:1). We do not need to treat others in the same way that we have been treated. It is clear from these passages of Scripture that we need to act – not react. Neither should we simply be passive; but God’s Word confirms the need to actively rise above the tit-for-tat behavior that characterizes so many failing relationships.

This is what should set us apart as Christians; and why we need to daily draw on the power of the Risen Christ. The wrongs committed against us are opportunities for us to grow in our walk with God as we acknowledge the Truth of His Word and submit ourselves to be governed by its principles rather than our emotions.

Morris Hull
Home Life Ministries

God Wants Us to Ask for Wisdom

“Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding” (Proverbs 4:7).

A little boy was overheard praying: “Lord, if you can’t make me a better boy, don’t worry about it. I’m having a real good time like I am.” Without knowing what to pray for, we too tend to pray for the wrong things.

But Jesus says in John 16:24, “…ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full.” What should we ask God for? Every day we need to ask God for His Wisdom.

James 1:5 says, “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.”

Wisdom is seeing life from God’s perspective. It’s recognizing the relationship between our problems and our violation of Biblical principles. It’s understanding why things happen and being able to see God’s purposes behind our difficulties and conflicts (Romans 8:28-29; Philippians 1:12).

Life is held together by a very intricate series of cause-and-effect relationships. You cannot obey God’s ways without being blessed; but you cannot ignore God’s ways or disobey them without there being consequences in your life and in your relationships with others. Scripture speaks of this in Galatians 6:7 – “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.” This is true in every area of our lives.

Many times we fail to appreciate and understand this truth. When we encounter difficulties or conflict, we just think we’re having a spate of bad luck; but there’s no such thing as bad luck in the Christian life. Our lives are not governed by chance but by our attitude and response to the eternal truth of God’s Word.

That’s why instead of getting angry and bitter toward people that hurt us; we need to see them as tools in God’s hands that He is using to accomplish His plans and purposes. Ecclesiastes 7:9 says “…for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.” Anger is never a wise and appropriate response from the Christian.

Joseph was able to forgive his brothers because he understood how God used the wrongs committed against him to accomplish His sovereign will. He was able to speak softly and kindly to those who had treated him harshly. Joseph said to his brothers, “But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive” (Genesis 50:20).

More often than not, the difficulties and conflicts of life are used of God to conform us more and more to the character of Christ (Romans 8:28-29). Ask God daily for His wisdom to know how to respond to life situations and to clearly see His sovereign purposes behind why things happen.

Morris Hull
Home Life Ministries

Wisdom and Folly

(A) WISDOM (Select Readings Job 28:12-28; Pr 3:13-24; 4:1-13)

#Job 28:12-28 Pr 3:13-24 4:1-13

(1) Of Christ #Isa 11:2 Mt 13:54 Lu 2:40 1Co 1:24 Col 2:3

(2) Of God #Job 12:13 Ps 104:24 Pr 3:19 Jer 10:7 Da 2:20 Ro 11:33 16:27 1Co 1:25

(3) True Wisdom, General References to

  • The Fear of God Constitutes #Job 28:28
  • Experience Augments #Job 32:7 Ps 111:10 Pr 1:20
  • The Supreme Acquisition #Pr 4:7 9:1
  • Apprehends Divine Truth #Ho 14:9
  • Lays an Immovable Foundation #Mt 7:24 1Co 2:6 12:8
  • The Scriptures, the Source of #2Ti 3:15
  • Full of Spiritual Fruits #Jas 3:17 1Jo 2:20

(4) Prayer for #2Ch 1:10 Ps 90:12 Pr 2:3 Eph 1:17 Col 1:9 Jas 1:5

(5) The Preciousness of #Job 28:16 Pr 3:13 3:14 8:11 Ec 2:13 7:19

(6) Promised #Pr 2:6 Ec 2:26 Dan 2:21 Lu 21:15 Jas 1:5

(7) The Search for #Job 28:12,20 Ps 119:169 Pr 2:4 Ec 1:13 2:12 7:25 8:16

(8) The Call of #Pr 1:20 8:1 9:3

(9) Examples of Men Possessing #1Ki 4:31 10:3 Da 1:20 Ac 6:10

(10) Wise Men, General References to #Ge 41:8 Es 1:13 Da 2:13,48 Mt 2:1

(B) UNDERSTANDING, spiritual, general references to

#De 4:6 1Ch 22:12 Ps 119:104 Pr 2:6 8:14 11:12 13:15 Pr 14:29 17:27 2Ti 2:7


(1) Of Christ #Joh 2:24 16:30 21:17 Ac 1:24

(2) Of God #Job 26:6 31:4 34:21 Ps 147:5 Heb 4:13 1Jo 3:20

(D) WORLDLY WISDOM, General References to

#Isa 29:14 47:10 Jer 4:22 Eze 28:4 Ro 1:22 1Co 1:19 2:6 3:19,20 2Co 1:20 Col 2:23 Jas 3:15

(E) FOLLY of men

(1) General References to #Ps 49:13 Pr 14:8 15:14 18:13 26:11 Ec 2:13 10:1

(2) Fools, Characteristics of

  • Atheism #Ps 53:1
  • Slander #Pr 10:18
  • Mocking at Sin #Pr 14:9
  • Despising Instruction #Pr 15:5
  • Contentiousness #Pr 18:6
  • Meddlesomeness #Pr 20:3
  • Self-confidence #Pr 28:26 Ec 7:9
  • Dishonesty #Jer 17:11 Mt 7:26
  • Hypocrisy #Lu 11:39,40 12:20 Ro 1:22 Eph 5:15

(3) The Simple Deceived by #Pr 1:22 7:7 8:5 14:15 22:3 Ho 7:11

(4) Sure to Manifest itself #Pr 12:23 15:2 18:2 Ec 5:3 10:3 2Ti 3:9

Quotes on Wisdom

  • Wisdom is the right use of knowledge. To know is not to be wise….But to know how to use knowledge is to have wisdom. – C.H. Spurgeon
  • Knowledge is proud that he has learned so much; wisdom is humble that he knows no more. – William Cowper
  • There are two kinds of cleverness, and both are priceless. One consists of thinking of a bright remark in time to say it. The other consists of thinking of it in time not to say it. – The English Digest
  • A wise man learns from the mistakes of others. Nobody lives long enough to make them all himself. – Unknown
  • The opposite of wisdom is folly, meaning the short-term self-indulgence which marks out the person who doesn’t think about long-term priorities and goals but lives on a day-to-day basis, asking, “What is the most fun thing to do now?” – James Packer

The Mason Jar

One day an expert was speaking to a group of business students and, to drive home a point, used an illustration.

As this man stood in front of the group of high-powered over achievers he said, “Okay, time for a quiz.” Then he pulled put a one-gallon, wide-mouthed mason jar and set it on a table in front of him. Then he produced about a dozen fist-sized rocks and carefully placed them, one at a time, into the jar. When the jar was filled to the top and no more rocks would fit inside, he asked, “Is this jar full?” Everyone in the class said, “Yes.”

Then he said, “Really?” He reached under the table and pulled out a bucket of gravel. Then he dumped some gravel in and shook the jar causing pieces of gravel to work themselves down into the spaces between the big rocks. Then he smiled and asked the group once more, “Is the jar full?” By this time the class was onto him. “Probably not,” one of them answered. “Good!” he replied. And he reached under the table and brought out a bucket of sand. He started dumping the sand in and it went into all the spaces left between the rocks and the gravel. Once more he asked the question, “Is this jar full?” “No!” the class shouted.

Once again he said, “Good!” Then he grabbed a pitcher of water and began to pour it in until the jar was filled to the brim. Then he looked up at the class and asked, “What is the point of this illustration?”

One eager beaver raised his hand and said, “The point is, no matter how full your schedule is, if you try really hard, you can always fit some more things into it!”

“No,” the speaker replied, “that’s not the point. The truth this illustration teaches us is: If you don’t put the big rocks in first, you’ll never get them in at all.”

What are the ‘big rocks’ in your life? Your relationship with the Lord? Time with your family? Sharing the Gospel with others? Remember to put these BIG ROCKS in first or you’ll never get them in at all.

20 Cans of Wisdom

  1. Why should I say I can’t when the Bible says I can do all things through Christ who gives me strength (Philippians 4:13)?
  2. Why should I lack when I know that God shall supply all my needs according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus (Philippians 4:19)?
  3. Why should I fear when the Bible says God has not given me a spirit of fear, but of power, love and a sound mind (2 Timothy 1:7)?
  4. Why should I lack faith to fulfill my calling, knowing that God has allotted to me a measure of faith (Romans 12:3)?
  5. Why should I be weak when the Bible says that the Lord is the strength of my life and that I will display strength and take action because I know God (Psalm 27:1; Daniel 11:32)?
  6. Why should I allow Satan supremacy over my life when He that is in me is greater than he that is in the world (1 John 4:4)?
  7. Why should I accept defeat when the Bible says that God always leads me in triumph (2 Corinthians 2:14)?
  8. Why should I lack wisdom when Christ became wisdom to me from God and God gives wisdom to me generously when I ask Him for it (1 Corinthians 1:30; James 1:5)?
  9. Why should I be depressed when I can recall to mind God’s lovingkindness, compassion and faithfulness, and have hope (Lamentations 3:21-23)?
  10. Why should I worry and fret when I can cast all my anxiety on Christ who cares for me (1 Peter 5:7)?
  11. Why should I ever be in bondage knowing that there is liberty where the Spirit of the Lord is (2 Corinthians 3:17)?
  12. Why should I feel condemned when the Bible says I am not condemned because I am in Christ (Romans 8:1)?
  13. Why should I feel alone when Jesus said He is with me always and He will never leave me nor forsake me (Matthew 28:20; Hebrews 13:5)?
  14. Why should I feel accursed or that I am the victim of bad luck when the Bible says that Christ redeemed me from the curse of the law that I might receive His Spirit (Galatians 3:13, 14)?
  15. Why should I be discontented when I, like Paul, can learn to be content in all my circumstances (Philippians 4:11)?
  16. Why should I feel worthless when Christ became sin on my behalf that I might become the righteousness of God in Him (2 Corinthians 5:21)?
  17. Why should I have a persecution complex knowing that nobody can be against me when God is for me (Romans 8:31)?
  18. Why should I be confused when God is the author of peace and He gives me knowledge through his indwelling Spirit (1 Corinthians 14:33; 2:12)?
  19. Why should I feel like a failure when I am a conqueror in all things through Christ (Romans 8:37)?
  20. Why should I let the pressures of life bother me when I can take courage knowing that Jesus has overcome the world and its tribulations (John 16:33)?

Dr. Neil Anderson, Freedom in Christ Ministries

Personal Evaluation: Wisdom

  • Can you contrast God’s principles with natural inclinations?
  • Do you know the commands of Christ?
  • Are your aware that God is watching and weighing every one of your words, thoughts, actions, attitudes and motives?
  • Have you asked God for wisdom and treasured it more than golg?
  • Do you have a Godly hatered of evil and genuine love for sinners?
  • Do you record the insights of wisdom God gives you?
  • Do you seek instruction of wise men and reject the teachings of fools?
  • Are you slow to answer and swift to hear?

Character Clues

The Woodcutter’s Wisdom

Would you buy a house if you were only allowed to see one of its rooms? Would you purchase a car if you were permitted to see only its tires and a taillight? Would you pass judgment on a book after reading only one paragraph?

Nor would I.

Good judgment requires a broad picture. Not only is that true in purchasing houses, cars, and books, it’s true in evaluating life. One failure doesn’t make a person a failure; one achievement doesn’t make a person a success.

“The end of the matter is better than its beginning,” penned the sage.

“Be…patient in affliction,”  echoed the apostle Paul.

“Don’t judge a phrase by one word,” stated the woodcutter.

The woodcutter? Oh, you may not know him. Let me present him to you.

I met him in Brazil. He was introduced to me by a friend who knew that I needed patience. Denalyn and I were six months into a five-year stint in Brazil, and I was frustrated. My fascination with Rio de Janeiro had turned into exasperation with words. I couldn’t speak and a culture I didn’t understand.

“Tenha Paciência,” Maria would tell me. “Just be patient.” She was my Portuguese instructor. But, more than that, she was a calm voice in a noisy storm. With maternal persistence, she corrected my pronunciation and helped me to love her homeland.

Once, in the midst of a frustrating week of trying to get our goods out of customs (which eventually took three months), she gave me this story as a homework assignment. It helped my attitude far more than it helped my Portuguese.

It’s a simple fable. Yet for those of us who try to pass judgment on life with only one day’s evidence, the message is profound. I’ve done nothing to embellish it; I’ve only translated it. I pray that it will remind you, as it did me, that patience is the greater courage.

* * *

Once there was an old man who lived in a tiny village. Although poor, he was envied by all, for he owned a beautiful white horse. Even the king coveted his treasure. A horse like this had never been seen before—such was its splendor, its majesty, its strength.

People offered fabulous prices for the steed, but the old man always refused.

“This horse is not a horse to me,” he would tell them. “It is a person. How could you sell a person? He is a friend, not a possession. How could you sell a friend?” The man was poor and the temptation was great. But he never sold the horse.

One morning he found that the horse was not in the stable. All the village came to see him. “You old fool,” they scoffed, “we told you that someone would steal your horse. We warned you that you would be robbed. You are so poor. How could you ever hope to protect such a valuable animal? It would have been better to have sold him. You could have gotten whatever price you wanted. No amount would have been too high. Now the horse is gone, and you’ve been cursed with misfortune.”

The old man responded, “Don’t speak too quickly. Say only that the horse is not in the stable. That is all we know; the rest is judgment. If I’ve been cursed or not, how can you know? How can you judge?”

The people contested, “Don’t make us out to be fools! We may not be philosophers, but great philosophy is not needed. The simple fact that your horse is gone is a curse.”

The old man spoke again. “All I know is that the stable is empty, and the horse is gone. The rest I don’t know. Whether it be a curse or a blessing, I can’t say. All we can see is a fragment. Who can say what will come next?”

The people of the village laughed. They thought that the man was crazy. They had always thought he was fool; if he wasn’t, he would have sold the horse and lived off the money. But instead, he was a poor woodcutter, an old man still cutting firewood and dragging it out of the forest and selling it. He lived hand to mouth in the misery of poverty. Now he had proven that he was, indeed, a fool.

After fifteen days, the horse returned. He hadn’t been stolen; he had run away into the forest. Not only had he returned, he had brought a dozen wild horses with him. Once again the village people gathered around the woodcutter and spoke. “Old man, you were right and we were wrong. What we thought was a curse was a blessing. Please forgive us.”

The man responded, “Once again, you go too far. Say only that the horse is back. State only that a dozen horses returned with him, but don’t judge. How do you know if this is a blessing or not? You see only a fragment. Unless you know the whole story, how can you judge? You read only one page of a book.

Can you judge the whole book? You read only one word of a phrase. Can you understand the entire phrase?

“Life is so vast, yet you judge all of life with one page or one word. All you have is a fragment! Don’t say that this is a blessing. No one knows. I am content with what I know. I am not perturbed by what I don’t.”

“Maybe the old man is right,” they said to one another. So they said little.

But down deep, they knew he was wrong. They knew it was a blessing. Twelve wild horses had returned with one horse. With a little bit of work, the animals could be broken and trained and sold for much money.

The old man had a son, an only son. The young man began to break the wild horses. After a few days, he fell from one of the horses and broke both legs.

Once again the villagers gathered around the old man and cast their judgments.

“You were right,” they said. “You proved you were right. The dozen horses were not a blessing. They were a curse. Your only son has broken his legs, and now in your old age you have no one to help you. Now you are poorer than ever.”

The old man spoke again. “You people are obsessed with judging. Don’t go so far. Say only that my son broke his legs. Who knows if it is a blessing or a curse? No one knows. We only have a fragment. Life comes in fragments.”

It so happened that a few weeks later the country engaged in war against a neighboring country. All the young men of the village were required to join the army. Only the son of the old man was excluded, because he was injured.

Once again the people gathered around the old man, crying and screaming because their sons had been taken. There was little chance that they would return. The enemy was strong, and the war would be a losing struggle. They would never see their sons again.

“You were right, old man,” they wept. “God knows you were right. This proves it. Yours son’s accident was a blessing. His legs may be broken, but at least he is with you. Our sons are gone forever.”

The old man spoke again. “It is impossible to talk with you. You always draw conclusions. No one knows. Say only this: Your sons had to go to war, and mine did not. No one knows if it is a blessing or a curse. No one is wise enough to know. Only God knows.”

* * *

The old man was right. We only have a fragment. Life’s mishaps and horrors are only a page out of a grand book. We must be slow about drawing conclusions. We must reserve judgment on life’s storms until we know the whole story.

I don’t know where the woodcutter learned his patience. Perhaps from another woodcutter in Galilee. For it was the Carpenter who said it best:

“Do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself.”

He should know. He is the author of our story. And he has already written the final chapter.

In the Eye of the Storm, Max Lucado, 1991, W Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee. All rights reserved.

How to Demonstrate Wisdom

At Home

  • Seeking each other’s counsel and avoiding rash decisions
  • Seeing the family structure as an essential element of family harmony
  • Protecting the family by visualizing the consequences of foolish decisions and determining how to avoid them
  • Family members learning from the examples of wise people
  • Responding to correction with gratefulness

At Work or School

  • Seeking a wise and understanding group of friends
  • Filtering all knowledge through the grid of Scripture and rejecting false philosophies
  • Preparing your answer ahead of time if asked to compromise God’s Word
  • Asking yourself the question, “What would Jesus do?”

At Church

  • Applying the truths and principles learned to your daily life

Character Definitions of Wisdom

  • Making practical applications of truth in daily decisions – Character First!
  • Seeing the hand of God in every experience of life – The Power for True Success
  • Learning to see life from God’s perspective. Recognising cause-and-effect relationships in life. Tracing conflicts to their root causes. Learning how to apply principles of life in daily situations. Discerning false philosophies and natural inclinations and rejecting them – Character Clues

Bible Verses Related to Wisdom

0998 hnyb biynah bee-naw’ or (plural) twnyb

from 0995; TWOT-239b; n f

AV-understanding 32, wisdom 2, knowledge 1, meaning 1, perfectly 1, understand 1; 38

1) understanding, discernment

1a) act

1b) faculty

1c) object

1d) personified

  • Deuteronomy 4:6 Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding <0998> in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.
  • 1 Chronicles 12:32 And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding <0998> of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment.
  • 1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding <0998>, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.
  • 2 Chronicles 2:12 Huram said moreover, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding <0998>, that might build an house for the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
  • Job 28:20 Whence then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of understanding <0998>?
  • Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 1:2 To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding <0998>;
  • Proverbs 2:3 Yea, if thou criest after knowledge <0998>, and liftest up thy voice for understanding;
  • Proverbs 3:5 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 4:1 Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 4:5 Get wisdom, get understanding <0998>: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.
  • Proverbs 4:7 Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 7:4 Say unto wisdom, Thou art my sister; and call understanding <0998> thy kinswoman:
  • Proverbs 8:14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom: I am understanding <0998>; I have strength.
  • Proverbs 9:6 Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 16:16 How much better is it to get wisdom than gold! and to get understanding <0998> rather to be chosen than silver!
  • Proverbs 23:4 Labour not to be rich: cease from thine own wisdom <0998>.
  • Proverbs 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding <0998>.
  • Proverbs 30:2 Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding <0998> of a man.
  • Isaiah 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding <0998>, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
  • Daniel 1:20 And in all matters of wisdom and understanding <0998>, that the king enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians andastrologers that were in all his realm.
  • Daniel 8:15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning <0998>, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.
  • Daniel 9:22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding <0998>.
  • Daniel 10:1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding <0998> of the vision.

02449 Mkx chakam khaw-kam’

a primitive root; TWOT-647; v

AV-..wise 19, ..wiser 4, ..wisely 2, teach wisdom 1, exceeding1; 27

1) to be wise

1a) (Qal) to be or become wise, act wisely

1b) (Piel) to make wise, teach wisdom, instruct

1c) (Pual) to be made wise

1d) (Hiphil) to make wise

1e) (Hithpael) to show oneself wise, deceive, show one’s wisdom

  • Exodus 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely <02449> with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
  • Deuteronomy 32:29 O that they were wise <02449>, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end!
  • 1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser <02449> than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
  • Job 32:9 Great men are not always wise <02449>: neither do the aged understand judgment.
  • Job 35:11 Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser <02449> than the fowls of heaven?
  • Psalms 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise <02449> the simple.
  • Psalms 58:5 Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely <02449>.
  • Psalms 105:22 To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom <02449>.
  • Psalms 119:98 Thou through thy commandments hast made me wiser <02449> than mine enemies: for they are ever with me.
  • Proverbs 6:6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise <02449>:
  • Proverbs 8:33 Hear instruction, and be wise <02449>, and refuse it not.
  • Proverbs 9:9 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser <02449>: teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.
  • Proverbs 9:12 If thou be wise <02449>, thou shalt be wise <02449> for thyself: but if thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear it.
  • Proverbs 13:20 He that walketh with wise men shall be wise <02449>: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
  • Proverbs 19:20 Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise <02449> in thy latter end.
  • Proverbs 20:1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise <02449>.
  • Proverbs 21:11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise <02449>: and when the wise is instructed, he receiveth knowledge.
  • Proverbs 23:15 My son, if thine heart be wise <02449>, my heart shall rejoice, even mine.
  • Proverbs 23:19 Hear thou, my son, and be wise <02449>, and guide thine heart in the way.
  • Proverbs 27:11 My son, be wise <02449>, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him that reproacheth me.
  • Proverbs 30:24 There be four things which are little upon the earth, but they are exceeding <02449> wise:
  • Ecclesiastes 2:15 Then said I in my heart, As it happeneth to the fool, so it happeneth even to me; and why was I then more wise <02449>? Then I said in my heart, that this also is vanity.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise <02449> under the sun. This is also vanity.
  • Ecclesiastes 7:16 Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself over wise <02449>: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?
  • Ecclesiastes 7:23 All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise <02449>; but it was far from me.
  • Zechariah 9:2 And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise <02449>.

02451 hmkx chokmah khok-maw’

from 02449; TWOT-647a; n f

AV-wisdom 145, wisely 2, skilful man 1, wits 1; 149

1) wisdom

1a) skill (in war)

1b) wisdom (in administration)

1c) shrewdness, wisdom

1d) wisdom, prudence (in religious affairs)

1e) wisdom (ethical and religious)

  • Exodus 28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom <02451>, that they may make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
  • Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom <02451>, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
  • Job 4:21 Doth not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even without wisdom <02451>.
  • Job 11:6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom <02451>, that they are double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.
  • Job 12:2 No doubt but ye are the people, and wisdom <02451> shall die with you.
  • Job 12:12 With the ancient is wisdom <02451>; and in length of days understanding.
  • Job 12:13 With him is wisdom <02451> and strength, he hath counsel and understanding.
  • Job 13:5 O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom <02451>.
  • Job 15:8 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom <02451> to thyself?
  • Job 26:3 How hast thou counselled him that hath no wisdom <02451>? and how hast thou plentifully declared the thing as it is?
  • Job 28:12 But where shall wisdom <02451> be found? and where is the place of understanding?
  • Job 28:18 No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom <02451> is above rubies.
  • Job 28:20 Whence then cometh wisdom <02451>? and where is the place of understanding?
  • Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom <02451>; and to depart from evil is understanding.
  • Job 32:7 I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom <02451>.
  • Job 32:13 Lest ye should say, We have found out wisdom <02451>: God thrusteth him down, not man.
  • Job 33:33 If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom <02451>.
  • Job 38:36 Who hath put wisdom <02451> in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?
  • Job 38:37 Who can number the clouds in wisdom <02451>? or who can stay the bottles of heaven,
  • Job 39:17 Because God hath deprived her of wisdom <02451>, neither hath he imparted to her understanding.
  • Psalms 37:30 The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom <02451>, and his tongue talketh of judgment.
  • Psalms 51:6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom <02451>.
  • Psalms 90:12 So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom <02451>.
  • Psalms 104:24 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom <02451> hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
  • Psalms 107:27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits <02451>‘ end.
  • Psalms 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom <02451>: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.
  • Proverbs 1:2 To know wisdom <02451> and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;
  • Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom <02451> and instruction.
  • Proverbs 2:2 So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom <02451>, and apply thine heart to understanding;
  • Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom <02451>: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.
  • Proverbs 2:10 When wisdom <02451> entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul;
  • Proverbs 3:13 Happy is the man that findeth wisdom <02451>, and the man that getteth understanding.
  • Proverbs 3:19 The LORD by wisdom <02451> hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.
  • Proverbs 4:5 Get wisdom <02451>, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.
  • Proverbs 4:7 Wisdom <02451> is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom <02451>: and with all thy getting get understanding.
  • Proverbs 4:11 I have taught thee in the way of wisdom <02451>; I have led thee in right paths.
  • Proverbs 5:1 My son, attend unto my wisdom <02451>, and bow thine ear to my understanding:
  • Proverbs 7:4 Say unto wisdom <02451>, Thou art my sister; and call understanding thy kinswoman:
  • Proverbs 8:1 Doth not wisdom <02451> cry? and understanding put forth her voice?
  • Proverbs 8:11 For wisdom <02451> is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.
  • Proverbs 8:12 I wisdom <02451> dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.
  • Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom <02451>: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.
  • Proverbs 10:13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom <02451> is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.
  • Proverbs 10:23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of understanding hath wisdom <02451>.
  • Proverbs 10:31 The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom <02451>: but the froward tongue shall be cut out.
  • Proverbs 11:2 When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom <02451>.
  • Proverbs 13:10 Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised is wisdom <02451>.
  • Proverbs 14:6 A scorner seeketh wisdom <02451>, and findeth it not: but knowledge is easy unto him that understandeth.
  • Proverbs 14:8 The wisdom <02451> of the prudent is to understand his way: but the folly of fools is deceit.
  • Proverbs 14:33 Wisdom <02451> resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but that which is in the midst of fools is made known.
  • Proverbs 15:33 The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom <02451>; and before honour is humility.
  • Proverbs 16:16 How much better is it to get wisdom <02451> than gold! and to get understanding rather to be chosen than silver!
  • Proverbs 17:16 Wherefore is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom <02451>, seeing he hath no heart to it?
  • Proverbs 17:24 Wisdom <02451> is before him that hath understanding; but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth.
  • Proverbs 18:4 The words of a man’s mouth are as deep waters, and the wellspring of wisdom <02451> as a flowing brook.
  • Proverbs 21:30 There is no wisdom <02451> nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.
  • Proverbs 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom <02451>, and instruction, and understanding.
  • Proverbs 24:3 Through wisdom <02451> is an house builded; and by understanding it is established:
  • Proverbs 24:14 So shall the knowledge of wisdom <02451> be unto thy soul: when thou hast found it, then there shall be a reward, and thy expectation shall not be cut off.
  • Proverbs 28:26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely <02451>, he shall be delivered.
  • Proverbs 29:3 Whoso loveth wisdom <02451> rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth his substance.
  • Proverbs 29:15 The rod and reproof give wisdom <02451>: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame.
  • Proverbs 30:3 I neither learned wisdom <02451>, nor have the knowledge of the holy.
  • Proverbs 31:26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom <02451>; and in her tongue is the law of kindness.
  • Ecclesiastes 1:13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom <02451> concerning all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
  • Ecclesiastes 1:16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom <02451> than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom <02451> and knowledge.
  • Ecclesiastes 1:17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom <02451>, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
  • Ecclesiastes 1:18 For in much wisdom <02451> is much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:3 I sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, yet acquainting mine heart with wisdom <02451>; and to lay hold on folly, till I might see what wasthat good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:9 So I was great, and increased more than all that were before me in Jerusalem: also my wisdom <02451> remained with me.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:12 And I turned myself to behold wisdom <02451>, and madness, and folly: for what can the man do that cometh after the king? even that which hath been already done.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:13 Then I saw that wisdom <02451> excelleth folly, as far as light excelleth darkness.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:21 For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom <02451>, and in knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it for his portion. This also is vanity and a great evil.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God giveth to a man that is good in his sight wisdom <02451>, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
  • Ecclesiastes 7:10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not enquire wisely <02451> concerning this.
  • Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom <02451> is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

02452 hmkx chokmah (Aramaic) khok-maw’

corresponding to 02451; TWOT-2729b; n f

AV-wisdom 8; 8

1) wisdom

  • Ezra 7:25 And thou, Ezra, after the wisdom <02452> of thy God, that is in thine hand, set magistrates and judges, which may judge all the people that are beyond the river, all such as know the laws of thy God; and teach ye them that know them not.
  • Daniel 2:20 Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever: for wisdom <02452> and might are his:
  • Daniel 2:21 And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom <02452> unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:
  • Daniel 2:23 I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God of my fathers, who hast given me wisdom <02452> and might, and hast made known unto me now what we desired of thee: for thou hast now made known unto us the king’s matter.
  • Daniel 2:30 But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for any wisdom <02452> that I have more than any living, but for their sakes that shall make known the interpretation to the king, and that thou mightest know the thoughts of thy heart.
  • Daniel 5:11 There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom <02452>, like the wisdom <02452> of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;
  • Daniel 5:14 I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom <02452> is found in thee.

07919 lks sakal saw-kal’

a primitive root; TWOT-2263,2264; v

AV-understand 12, wise 12, prosper 8, wisely 6, understanding 5, consider 4, instruct 3, prudent 2, skill 2, teach 2, misc 7; 63

1) to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

1a) (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to look at or upon, have insight

1b2) to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

1b3) to have insight, have comprehension

1b3a) insight, comprehension (subst)

1b4) to cause to consider, give insight, teach

1b4a) the teachers, the wise

1b5) to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

1b6) to prosper, have success

1b7) to cause to prosper

2) (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

  • Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise <07919>, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
  • Genesis 48:14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding<07919> his hands wittingly <07919>; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
  • Deuteronomy 29:9 Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper <07919> in all that ye do.
  • Deuteronomy 32:29 O that they were wise, that they understood <07919> this, that they would consider their latter end!
  • Joshua 1:7 Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper <07919> whithersoever thou goest.
  • Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success <07919>.
  • 1 Samuel 18:5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely <07919>: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.
  • 1 Samuel 18:14 And David behaved himself wisely <07919> in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
  • 2 Kings 18:7 And the LORD was with him; and he prospered <07919> whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.
  • 1 Chronicles 28:19 All this, said David, the LORD made me understand <07919> in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
  • 2 Chronicles 30:22 And Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught <07919> the good knowledge of the LORD: and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
  • Nehemiah 8:13 And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand <07919> the words of the law.
  • Nehemiah 9:20 Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct <07919> them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
  • Job 22:2 Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise <07919> may be profitable unto himself?
  • Job 34:27 Because they turned back from him, and would not consider <07919> any of his ways:
  • Job 34:35 Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom <07919>.
  • Psalms 2:10 Be wise <07919> now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.
  • Psalms 14:2 The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand <07919>, and seek God.
  • Psalms 32:8 I will instruct <07919> thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.
  • Psalms 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise <07919>, and to do good.
  • Psalms 41:1 <<To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.>> Blessed is he that considereth <07919> the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
  • Psalms 47:7 For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding <07919>.
  • Psalms 53:2 God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand <07919>, that did seek God.
  • Psalms 64:9 And all men shall fear, and shall declare the work of God; for they shall wisely consider <07919> of his doing.
  • Psalms 94:8 Understand, ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise <07919>?
  • Psalms 101:2 I will behave myself wisely <07919> in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within my house with a perfect heart.
  • Psalms 106:7 Our fathers understood <07919> not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked him at the sea, even at the Red sea.
  • Psalms 119:99 I have more understanding <07919> than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation.
  • Proverbs 1:3 To receive the instruction of wisdom <07919>, justice, and judgment, and equity;
  • Proverbs 10:5 He that gathereth in summer is a wise <07919> son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
  • Proverbs 10:19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips is wise <07919>.
  • Proverbs 14:35 The king’s favour is toward a wise <07919> servant: but his wrath is against him that causeth shame.
  • Proverbs 15:24 The way of life is above to the wise <07919>, that he may depart from hell beneath.
  • Proverbs 16:20 He that handleth a matter wisely <07919> shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy is he.
  • Proverbs 16:23 The heart of the wise teacheth <07919> his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips.
  • Proverbs 17:2 A wise <07919> servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren.
  • Proverbs 17:8 A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth <07919>.
  • Proverbs 19:14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent <07919> wife is from the LORD.
  • Proverbs 21:11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed <07919>, he receiveth knowledge.
  • Proverbs 21:12 The righteous man wisely considereth <07919> the house of the wicked: but God overthroweth the wicked for their wickedness.
  • Proverbs 21:16 The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding <07919> shall remain in the congregation of the dead.
  • Isaiah 41:20 That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand <07919> together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.
  • Isaiah 44:18 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand <07919>.
  • Isaiah 52:13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently <07919>, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.
  • Jeremiah 3:15 And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding <07919>.
  • Jeremiah 9:24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth <07919> and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
  • Daniel 1:4 Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful <07919> in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king’s palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.
  • Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill <07919> in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
  • Daniel 9:13 As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand <07919> thy truth.
  • Daniel 9:22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill <07919> and understanding.
  • Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand <07919>, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
  • Daniel 11:33 And they that understand <07919> among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil,many days.
  • Daniel 11:35 And some of them of understanding <07919> shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it isyet for a time appointed.
  • Daniel 12:3 And they that be wise <07919> shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
  • Daniel 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise <07919>shall understand.
  • Amos 5:13 Therefore the prudent <07919> shall keep silence in that time; for it is an evil time.

07922 lks sekel seh’-kel or lks sekel say’-kel

from 07919; TWOT-2263a; n m

AV-understanding 7, wisdom 3, wise 1, prudence 1, knowledge 1, sense 1, discretion 1, policy 1; 16

1) prudence, insight, understanding

1a) prudence, good sense

1b) insight, understanding

1c) cunning, craft (bad sense)

  • 1 Samuel 25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding <07922>, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
  • 1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give thee wisdom <07922> and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.
  • 1 Chronicles 26:14 And the lot eastward fell to Shelemiah. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise <07922> counsellor, they cast lots; and his lot came out northward.
  • 2 Chronicles 2:12 Huram said moreover, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence <07922> and understanding, that might build an house for the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
  • 2 Chronicles 30:22 And Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught the good knowledge <07922> of the LORD: and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
  • Ezra 8:18 And by the good hand of our God upon us they brought us a man of understanding <07922>, of the sons of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel; and Sherebiah, with his sons and his brethren, eighteen;
  • Nehemiah 8:8 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense <07922>, and caused them to understand the reading.
  • Job 17:4 For thou hast hid their heart from understanding <07922>: therefore shalt thou not exalt them.
  • Psalms 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding <07922> have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.
  • Proverbs 3:4 So shalt thou find favour and good understanding <07922> in the sight of God and man.
  • Proverbs 12:8 A man shall be commended according to his wisdom <07922>: but he that is of a perverse heart shall be despised.
  • Proverbs 13:15 Good understanding <07922> giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.
  • Proverbs 16:22 Understanding <07922> is a wellspring of life unto him that hath it: but the instruction of fools is folly.
  • Proverbs 19:11 The discretion <07922> of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.
  • Proverbs 23:9 Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom <07922> of thy words.
  • Daniel 8:25 And through his policy <07922> also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

08394 Nwbt tabuwn taw-boon’ and (fem.) hnwbt t@buwnah teb-oo-naw’ or hnbwt towbunah to-boo-naw’

from 0995; TWOT-239c; n m

AV-understanding 38, discretion 1, reasons 1, misc 3; 43

1) understanding, intelligence

1a) the act of understanding

1a1) skill

1b) the faculty of understanding

1b1) intelligence, understanding, insight

1c) the object of knowledge

1d) teacher (personification)

  • Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding <08394>, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
  • 1 Kings 4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding <08394> exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.
  • 1 Kings 7:14 He was a widow’s son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding<08394>, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.
  • Job 12:12 With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding <08394>.
  • Job 12:13 With him is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding <08394>.
  • Job 26:12 He divideth the sea with his power, and by his understanding <08394> <08394> he smiteth through the proud.
  • Job 32:11 Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons <08394>, whilst ye searched out what to say.
  • Psalms 49:3 My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of understanding <08394>.
  • Psalms 78:72 So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness <08394> of his hands.
  • Psalms 136:5 To him that by wisdom <08394> made the heavens: for his mercy endureth for ever.
  • Psalms 147:5 Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding <08394> is infinite.
  • Proverbs 2:2 So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding <08394>;
  • Proverbs 2:3 Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding <08394>;
  • Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding <08394>.
  • Proverbs 2:11 Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding <08394> shall keep thee:
  • Proverbs 3:13 Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding <08394>.
  • Proverbs 3:19 The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding <08394> hath he established the heavens.
  • Proverbs 5:1 My son, attend unto my wisdom, and bow thine ear to my understanding <08394>:
  • Proverbs 8:1 Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding <08394> put forth her voice?
  • Proverbs 10:23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of understanding <08394> hath wisdom.
  • Proverbs 11:12 He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding <08394> holdeth his peace.
  • Proverbs 14:29 He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding <08394>: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
  • Proverbs 15:21 Folly is joy to him that is destitute of wisdom: but a man of understanding <08394> walketh uprightly.
  • Proverbs 17:27 He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding <08394> is of an excellent spirit.
  • Proverbs 18:2 A fool hath no delight in understanding <08394>, but that his heart may discover itself.
  • Proverbs 19:8 He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul: he that keepeth understanding <08394> shall find good.
  • Proverbs 20:5 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water; but a man of understanding <08394> will draw it out.
  • Proverbs 21:30 There is no wisdom nor understanding <08394> nor counsel against the LORD.
  • Proverbs 24:3 Through wisdom is an house builded; and by understanding <08394> it is established:
  • Proverbs 28:16 The prince that wanteth understanding <08394> is also a great oppressor: but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.

08454 hyvwt tuwshiyah too-shee-yaw’ or hyvt tushiyah too-shee-yaw’

from an unused root probably meaning to substantiate; TWOT-923a; n f

AV-wisdom 7, enterprise 1, thing as it is 1, that which is 1, substance 1, working 1; 12

1) wisdom, sound knowledge, success, sound or efficient wisdom, abiding success

1a) sound or efficient wisdom

1b) abiding success (of the effect of sound wisdom)

  • Job 5:12 He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise <08454>.
  • Job 6:13 Is not my help in me? and is wisdom <08454> driven quite from me?
  • Job 11:6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is <08454>! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.
  • Job 12:16 With him is strength and wisdom <08454>: the deceived and the deceiver are his.
  • Job 26:3 How hast thou counselled him that hath no wisdom? and how hast thou plentifully declared the thing as it is <08454>?
  • Job 30:22 Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my substance <08454>.
  • Proverbs 2:7 He layeth up sound wisdom <08454> for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly.
  • Proverbs 3:21 My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom <08454> and discretion:
  • Proverbs 8:14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom <08454>: I am understanding; I have strength.
  • Proverbs 18:1 Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom <08454>.
  • Isaiah 28:29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working <08454>.
  • Micah 6:9 The LORD’S voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom <08454> shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.

4678 sofia sophia sof-ee’-ah

from 4860; TDNT-7:465,1056; n f

AV-wisdom 51; 51

1) wisdom, broad and full of intelligence; used of the knowledge of very diverse matters

1a) the wisdom which belongs to men

1a1) spec. the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs

1a2) the science and learning

1a3) the act of interpreting dreams and always giving the sagest advice

1a4) the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision

1a5) skill in the management of affairs

1a6) devout and proper prudence in intercourse with men not disciples of Christ, skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth

1a7) the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living

1b) supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God

1b1) to Christ

1b2) the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing counsels in the formation and government of the world and the scriptures

  • Matthew 11:19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom <4678> is justified of her children.
  • Matthew 12:42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom <4678> of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
  • Matthew 13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath thisman this wisdom <4678>, and these mighty works?
  • Mark 6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath thisman these things? and what wisdom <4678> is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
  • Luke 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom <4678>: and the grace of God was upon him.
  • Luke 2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom <4678> and stature, and in favour with God and man.
  • Luke 7:35 But wisdom <4678> is justified of all her children.
  • Luke 11:31 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom <4678> of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
  • Luke 11:49 Therefore also said the wisdom <4678> of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:
  • Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom <4678>, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
  • Acts 6:3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom <4678>, whom we may appoint over this business.
  • Acts 6:10 And they were not able to resist the wisdom <4678> and the spirit by which he spake.
  • Acts 7:10 And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom <4678> in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house.
  • Acts 7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom <4678> of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
  • Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom <4678> and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
  • 1 Corinthians 1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom <4678> of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom <4678> of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:20 Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom <4678> of this world?
  • 1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom <4678> of God the world by wisdom <4678> knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:22 For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom <4678>:
  • 1 Corinthians 1:24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom <4678> of God.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom <4678>, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
  • 1 Corinthians 2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom <4678>, declaring unto you the testimony of God.
  • 1 Corinthians 2:4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom <4678>, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
  • 1 Corinthians 2:5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom <4678> of men, but in the power of God.
  • 1 Corinthians 2:6 Howbeit we speak wisdom <4678> among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom <4678> of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
  • 1 Corinthians 2:7 But we speak the wisdom <4678> of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
  • 1 Corinthians 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom <4678> teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
  • 1 Corinthians 3:19 For the wisdom <4678> of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
  • 1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom <4678>; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
  • 2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom <4678>, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
  • Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom <4678> and prudence;
  • Ephesians 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom <4678> and revelation in the knowledge of him:
  • Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom <4678> of God,
  • Colossians 1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom <4678> and spiritual understanding;
  • Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom <4678>; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
  • Colossians 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom <4678> and knowledge.
  • Colossians 2:23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom <4678> in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
  • Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom <4678>; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
  • Colossians 4:5 Walk in wisdom <4678> toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
  • James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom <4678>, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
  • James 3:13 Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom <4678>.
  • James 3:15 This wisdom <4678> descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.
  • James 3:17 But the wisdom <4678> that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
  • 2 Peter 3:15 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom <4678> given unto him hath written unto you;
  • Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom <4678>, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
  • Revelation 7:12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom <4678>, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.
  • Revelation 13:18 Here is wisdom <4678>. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.
  • Revelation 17:9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom <4678>. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.

5428 fronhsiv phronesis fron’-ay-sis

from 5426; TDNT-9:220,1277; n f

AV-wisdom 1, prudence 1; 2

1) understanding

2) knowledge and holy love of the will of God

  • Luke 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom <5428> of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
  • Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence <5428>;

God’s Ways Are The Opposite of Our Natural Inclinations


Natural Inclinations God’s Ways
1. Reject unchangeable physical or family features. Accept these as God’s means of developing inward character, and thank Him for them.
2. React to parents and others in authority who do not give us what we want. Recognize that God has established all human authorities to praise those who do good and punish those who do evil.
3. Cover our secret sins and failures so others will not think less of us. Humble ourselves by confessing faults, asking forgiveness, and making restitution were appropriate. “Before honor is humility” (Proverbs 15:33), but he that covers his sin will not prosper (see Proverbs 28:13).
4. Reject our offenders and eagerly hope that they will be damaged. Forgive those who offend us, and look for ways to benefit their lives.
5. Claim ownership of our possessions and use them for our own pleasure. Dedicate our possessions to God, and use them to advance His Kingdom.
6. Reprove those who fail to respect our personal rights. Yield our rights to God, and thank Him for whatever happens beyond our control.
7. Enjoy the pleasures of sensuality and lust. Dedicate our bodies to God as “living sacrifices” and daily yield our bodies to Him.
8. Desire to be rich so we will have security, nice possessions, and the praise of others. Purpose to be a “giver” rather than a “taker,” and learn how to serve others to make them successful.
9. Lead your family by asserting your authority. Look for ways to serve each member of your family.
10. Choose friends on the basis of what they can do for you. Invest in the lives of those God has brought into your life.

Many of these ideas taken from The Power for True Success 

Seeing Life From God’s Perspective

“Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding” (Proverbs 4:7).

Life is held together by a very intricate series of cause-and-effect relationships. Paul explains it in Galatians 6:7 by saying, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.”

You cannot obey God’s Word without being blessed; but you cannot ignore or disobey God’s Word without there being consequences in your life and in your relationships with others.

The moment we are wronged or offended, God gives us grace to respond with forgiveness. The reason why God supplies grace and the reason why we resist it is because His principles are the very opposite of our natural inclinations (Isaiah 55:8). Jesus says, “…Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you” (Matthew 5:44). Our natural inclination is to get even. But whenever you resist or reject God’s grace and violate His principles there will be consequences. Hebrews 12:15 warns, “Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled.”

Wisdom is being able to see the connection between our violation of Biblical principles and the consequences or reproofs that we are experiencing in our lives. This is such an important Biblical concept to understand and one that we need to teach our children. If our children can see this connection they will then have the knowledge to resolve conflicts and have successful relationships. If they fail to understand this, they may just consider God’s reproofs as having a spate of bad luck. But there is no such thing as bad luck. Our lives are not governed by chance but by our attitude and response to the eternal truth of God’s Word.

Pray daily that your children might understand this truth and see life from God’s perspective.

Morris Hull, Home Life Ministries

Refuse Invitations to Do Wrong (Object Lesson)

Getting the Egg into the Bottle

Illustrate the consequences of “accepting an invitation to do wrong.” Choose a large milk or juice bottle with a mouth just slightly smaller than a smoothly peeled hard boiled egg. Wrap a half piece of paper towel into a loose roll. Light the paper at its lower edge and drop it into the bottle. Immediately place the egg on the neck of the bottle.

As the fire heats the air inside the bottle, it expands, causing the pressure to increase inside the bottle. Notice that the egg bounces as air from inside the bottle rushes out. Eventually the air becomes so thin that it can no longer sustain combustion, and the flame goes out.

The air inside the bottle cools rapidly, and the water vapour produced by combustion condenses, causing a dramatic drop in pressure. Because the pressure inside the bottle is now much lower than the pressure outside, air outside the bottle pushes the egg into the bottle with a loud “pop.”

In this demonstration we are the egg. The fire represents the invitation to do wrong. Placing the egg in the neck of the bottle represents accepting an invitation to do wrong. And, becoming trapped in the bottle illustrates the consequences of doing wrong.

Getting the Egg out of the Bottle

Just as yielding to the wrong pressure gets a person in trouble, yielding to the right pressure can get him or her out. It is the same way with the egg. One way to get the egg out is to break it into pieces and take the pieces out one by one. That’s messy and severely damages the egg. A better way is to allow pressure opposite to the one that forced the egg into the bottle to push the egg back out.

Turn the bottle upside down so that the egg once again forms a seal against the neck of the bottle. Place your lips inside the neck of the bottle to make a seal just below the egg. Blow hard! The air lifts the egg and passes around it to enter the bottle. As the pressure inside the bottle builds, it pushes back against the egg from the inside out. When you relax and stop blowing, the unequal pressure forces the egg out of the bottle.

Supplies: Smoothly peeled hard boiled egg · Wide mouth glass bottle · Paper towels Matches · Fire extinguisher

Character First! Education Series 2